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Ggantija is a complex of two megalithic temples on the Maltese island of Gozo. The stone temples were constructed around 3600 B.C., making them the second-oldest religious structures ever found, just behind Gobekli Tepe. For a little context, it’s worth remembering that this was a time when metal tools were not available to the natives of the Maltese islands, and the wheel had not yet been invented.
It is believed that Ggantija may have been the site of a fertility cult, as figurines and statuettes associated with fertility have been discovered there. Small spherical stones have also been discovered, which archeologists believe may have been used as ball bearings in the transport of the massive stone blocks which make up the temples. All that being said, we still don’t know how or why the temples were built.